JUNG, MOON, SHIN, BYUNG-CHEUL, KIM, YOUN-SOON, SHIN, YONG-IL, LEE, MYEONG
IS THERE ANY DIFFERENCE IN THE EFFECTS OF QI THERAPY (EXTERNAL QIGONG) WITH AND WITHOUT TOUCHING?
The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in the effects of Qi therapy without touching or with touching on anxiety, mood, neurohormones, and cellular immune function. Twenty-four healthy male subjects were randomly assigned to either QTN ( n = 12) or QTT ( n = 12). They received Qi therapy (external Qigong) without touching (QTN) or with touching (QTT). Nonparametric statistical tests revealed no significant differences between the effects of QTN and QTT (all p > .05). Separate Wilcox signed rank tests for each intervention revealed significant effects on anxiety, alertness, depression, fatigue, tension, cortisol levels, and NK cell cytotoxicity for both QTN and QTT, and on neutrophil function for QTN only. These findings suggest that there are few differences between the effects of QTN and QTT. However, the reproducibility of the findings should be tested with multiple sessions, and long-term follow-up tests.
Keywords cortisol, mood, neutrophil, NK cell, Qigong, Qi-therapy, touch
Although these data are drawn from a small sample, the results are consistent with the hypothesis that there is no difference between the effects of QTN and QTT on the psychological, neurohormonal, or immunological functions of the body. There were no significant group-by-time interactions for any of the variables.
The present study shows that anxiety is reduced and mood improved after treatment with QTN or QTT. Secondly, cortisol concentrations were significantly altered over time with both treatments. A third and very interesting immunological finding was that QTN increased neutrophil function and NK cell cytotoxicity much more than did QTT, although there was no significant difference between the interventions. These results suggest that Qi is transferred over short or long distances without touch and is transferred with intention or thought to the same degree as it is with touch.